C5 C6 Symptoms









Nerves in the spinal cord control your ability to move. This is a review of the imaging techniques and typical imaging. Cervical spine disc desiccation causes neck pain, while lumbar disc desiccation will cause pain in the lower back. For example, a large herniated disc in the cervical spine could cause cervical myelopathy if it is large enough to push on the spinal cord with resulting symptoms of numbness, tingling, and weakness in the arms and possibly the legs. All About the C5-C6 Spinal Motion Segment - Spine-Health. Pain is often worse when sitting compared to standing, and positions that load pressure on the disc (coughing, sneezing, forward bending and lifting) tend to aggravate symptoms. my symptoms are neck stiffness and pain, hand tingling, and muscle spasms. If you have neck pain related to cervical disc herniation or stenosis as it relates to your c3-c4, c4-c5 and c5-c6, then you should read the following: We see many patients who complain about neck pain, stiffness in muscles such as shoulders, arms and biceps who don't even realize they may have herniated their cervical discs. Disease or aging can block these openings. An MRI scan will likely be necessary to fully and accurately diagnose the condition. Neural foraminal stenosis, or neural foraminal narrowing, is a type of spinal stenosis. Radicular pain is pain deriving from damage or irritation of the spinal nerve tissue, particularly the dorsal root ganglion. Injury to the axons or the myelin also will heal. Likewise, disease in the neck, called the cervical region, will lead to symptoms in the arm. The most common symptom of a spinal tumor is pain in the area of the tumor. They have a soft mobile centre and a wall consisting of some 26 layers. Two months after my arrival, I had an accident that left me temporarily paralyzed, with 4 fractures in the C5, C6 and C7 cervical vertebrae. When doing these exercises, as well as any other activities, monitor your pain and any numbness and tingling. If needed, place a small rolled towel behind your low back. I started P/T and it went away. The cause of a C4 C5 bulging disc is different for everyone, but in general, the most common cause is some type of injury or trauma. Pre- and postoperative clinical indexes of our treated patients are shown in Table 1. This young lady has a C6 Cervical Nerve Root Compression. Migraine Headaches and C5 C6 Cervical Disc Disease and the digastric; Neuropathy pain - remove muscular inflammation to resolve nerve pain. Ayurveda provides a complete solution for these problems and that too without surgery. 5 Middle-aged and older patients can be affected by a condition called lumbar spinal stenosis, which occurs when the cauda equina roots are entrapped. Spinal stenosis is a narrowing of the spaces within your spine, which can put pressure on the nerves that travel through the spine. However, most people with bone. Commonly, after surgery at C5-C6, signs and symptoms related to the compressed nerve such as reduced pain, tingling, numbness, and/or weakness in the arm may be relieved. One of the more common causes of straightening of the normal cervical lordosis is car crashes where the neck ligaments are damaged. Neck stiffness. My MRI shows that I have a severe bulging disc and spur at C5 and C6. You will experience numbness or prickling sensation in those limbs. If a cervical nerve root remains pinched or inflamed, tingling, numbness, and/or weakness may progress in the arm. An asymptomatic 10-year-old female visits her pediatrician for a school physical. It is appropriate when the person:. Loss of balance and coordination. Each cervical nerve leads to different parts of the body and supports sensory, motor or organ function. Significant narrowing of the canal. If you want to avoid surgery for as long as possible, you may benefit from epidural steroid injections or alternative treatments involving chiropractic adjustments. Otherwise I can head straight to the neurosurgeon. Arthritis In Neck C5 And C6 Joint disease is a debilitating disease characterized by the infection of the joints. Nerve root disorders result in segmental radicular deficits (eg, pain or paresthesias in a dermatomal distribution, weakness of muscles innervated by the root). complex at C5-C6 disk level (arrow) that is putting pressure on the C6 nerve root. He can be contacted at [email protected] Symptoms may occur if the herniation compresses a nerve. However, it is controversial whether more mild spondylosis, such as small bone spurs and bulging discs that do not compress nerves, causes back pain. In fact, C5-C6 is the most common area of herniation in the neck. Avoid prolonged walking which might exacerbate your symptoms. Symptoms of protrusion in the cervical spine about Radiating pain disc protrusion C5-C6 Protrusion C5-C6 and C6-C7 in the initial stages is not accompanied by pain syndrome. Other symptoms include muscle spasms and trouble with walking or maintaining your balance. C5-C6 Accident Cases A C5-C6 accident injury also may cause weakness in the biceps and the wrist extensor muscles. The term sciatica has often been associated with disorders of the lumbar spine and pelvis, and we often tend to overlook other parts of the spine in the search for its cause. Find out how it differs from chronic hives and. However, this abnormal disc condition is still quite common and is often found in patients with a noticeable loss of lordotic curvature, since this puts the usually safely situated C4/C5 directly in the ideal location to absorb inordinate amounts of spinal shock. Likewise, disease in the neck, called the cervical region, will lead to symptoms in the arm. Physical examination. flexion and distraction forces +/- an element of rotation. The severity of the disc disease determines how it is treated. Foraminal narrowing is a spinal condition that can cause acute or chronic pain as well as other symptoms resulting from spinal nerve compression. After age 35 all scans will show some degree of bulging of disks. Diagnosis is. If a cervical nerve root remains pinched or inflamed, tingling, numbness, and/or weakness may progress in the arm. It is caused by insufficient blood supply to the spinal cord, either as a result of bleeding or because of poor circulation. Worse with neck extension. This is because the C6 nerve supplies sensation to part of the arm and the thumb. A type 2 excludes note indicates that the condition excluded is not part of the condition it is excluded from but a patient may have both conditions at the same time. In more advanced cases, muscle weakness or sensory symptoms such as tingling or numbness may occur. Symptoms can worsen over. Aging is the most common cause of spondylosis. At C6/C7 level, there is degenerative disc bulge indenting the thecal sac and nerve roots bilaterally. 222 became effective on October 1, 2019. Cervical lordosis - physiological concavity of the cervical spine with an angle of not more than 40 degrees (determined on an x-ray). Commonly, pain can also radiate into the shoulder blade region (scapula). A physician makes a diagnosis by learning the patient's symptoms and history, conducting a physical exam, and then cross-refencing both with the results of appropriate radiological imaging. A bulging disc or herniated disc in the c4-c5 level of the cervical spine can affect the nerves that control the arms, hands, shoulders, neck, head, chest, eyes, and many other parts of the body. Aging is inevitable; in fact, it's occurring in each one of us every day. Drink plenty of water if you use nsaids nad consider a follow at your next regular appointment. The symptoms and tender spots you've described are mine too. If the herniated disc is large, weakness and tingling in other parts of the body may occur. signs and symptoms of a pinched nerve in neck Dr. Pathology of disc C5-C6. and unusual neck pain or headache with or without neurologic symptoms; suspected cervical artery dissection; transient ischemic. The severity of the disc disease determines how it is treated. C5-C6 cervical disc which bulges or herniates most commonly. Fibrous tissue and bone spurs may also be removed. However, the pain or other symptoms often radiate to the part of the body served by that nerve. The success here is inversely proportional to the extent of the Syrinx, the amount of Spinal Cord substance that has been destroyed, the extent of functional neurological impairment as well as the length of time of. Numbness or tingling may also replace pain as the primary presentation. The cause of a C4 C5 bulging disc is different for everyone, but in general, the most common cause is some type of injury or trauma. Symptoms of myelopathy (spinal cord compression) include difficulty walking and difficulty with bowel and bladder control. Cervical spinal stenosis that causes nerve compression can result in upper body pain. The interesting aspect of our case is that there is an osteoarthritic process between C4 and C5, with disc preservation and a clearly evident arthrotic process in the posterior facet joint with facet joint edema and subluxation (visible in the MRI), which is above a space (C5-C6) that is almost fused. The doctors' recommendation to you is current classic surgical treatments for cervical disc disorders. A cervical fracture is a break in a vertebra (bone) in your neck. C5 - C6 (C6 nerve root) - weakness in the biceps and wrist extensor muscles. When symptoms do occur, they typically include pain and stiffness in the neck. SPINAL CORD INJURY: BASIC FAC TS 1 Spinal Cord Injury: Basic Facts Spinal cord injury occurs when there is any damage to the spinal cord that blocks communication between the brain and the body. 4 This condition may result due to the shearing forces that affect the disc when the head drifts forward from poor posture. These tests may include: Nerve conduction study. com PO Box 913 Cherry Hill, NJ 08003 www. Artificial disc replacements (ADRs) are mechanical devices that are designed to preserve movement when a spinal disc segment needs surgical attention. Pain from the neck may radiate down the arm, hands, and fingers. Most patients with mild or moderate nerve compression from bone spurs can manage their symptoms effectively with non-operative back care including: rest, activity modification, physical and manual therapy, medications, and injection therapy. The nerves in the spine exit the spinal column through holes in the bones of the spine (vertebrae) from the right and left sides. Posterior cervical laminectomy and fusion are surgical procedures performed to relieve spinal cord and/or nerve root compression that can be caused by disorders, including degenerative disc disease, herniated disc, spinal stenosis, and spondylosis. In addition to these symptoms, numbness, tingling and weakness in the upper limb may also be felt. Possible causes of myelomalacia include cervical myelopathy, hemorrhagic infarction, or acute injury, such as that caused by intervertebral disc extrusion. Cervical spondylolisthesis is a vertebral misalignment condition located in the neck, most typically at C5, C6 or C7. What Is MS? "To understand the symptoms of MS, we must understand first its cause and anatomy. Cervical (neck) herniated disk A cervical herniated disc is a spinal condition causing and pain or numbness in the neck, shoulder, and arm. Pain in the neck, especially in the root of the neck, along with stiffness of the neck are the main symptoms. There are a few different treatments for facial nerve damage that does not repair itself. The only difference is that instead of asking about chronic back pain, you are asking about using acupuncture to heal a herniated disc or bulging disc. With proper exercise and treatment, you can reduce its effects. Radicular pain is pain deriving from damage or irritation of the spinal nerve tissue, particularly the dorsal root ganglion. There are numerous steps to recovering from paraplegia—steps that may change depending on the cause and severity of the condition. Cervical Bone Spur Symptoms. The main symptom of cervical radiculopathy is pain that spreads into the arm, neck, chest, upper back and/or shoulders. Anterolisthesis is mainly caused by great impact on the spinal cord( anterolisthesis cervical spine or spondylosis) or the vertebra mainly the c4 and c5 ( anterolisthesis c4 c5). ANSWER: In many cases, pain and other symptoms caused by a herniated disk resolve with time and self-care measures. It is appropriate when the person:. Dextro is derived from the latin word dexter which means "on the right side". The pain began intermittently and progressed to a more chronic pain. Most bone spurs cause no symptoms and can go undetected for years. This surgery is normally due to a disc herniation that compresses a nerve but there are other disorders that can have indications for an ADR (bone spurs or mild degeneration). Depending on the location of the spinal stenosis, symptoms can include pain, numbness, and weakness in your legs, feet, arms, and hands. The symptoms of neck stenosis usually develop very gradually and can include feelings of stiffness, numbness, weakness or pain in the neck, arms, legs or shoulders, along with difficulty walking or bowel incontinence, according to WebMD. Ayurvedic treatment is possible butrelief in signs and symptoms of pain is not enough, we have to eliminate root cause of the problem. You may have signs and symptoms if the bulging disc presses against your nerves or spinal cord. The vertebrae enclose and protect the spinal cord. Pain is centralized and situated quite low in the back. Sporadic tingling or weakness. No intraspinal mass. The diagnosis may be suggested by symptoms of pain, numbness, and weakness in. Most cases of cervical stenosis do not offer symptoms and are only discovered by imaging tests. Narrowing of C4-5 and C5-6 What does it mean? I fell in an empty pool 2 1/2 yrs ago landing on my head. If it presses on your spinal cord, you can have more serious symptoms, including: Stumbling or awkward walking. After it is formed it enters the skull through the foramen magnum but then quickly exits the skull through the jugular foramen to become the motor (movement) innervation to the trapezius and sternocleidomastoid muscles. This includes the disks or cushions between the neck vertebrae and the joints between the bones. Other symptoms may include sensory changes such as numbness, tingling, muscular weakness, paralysis, paresthesia, and affection of reflexes. C5, C6 and C7 have reflexes. moderate spinal … read more. In fact, C5-C6 is the most common area of herniation in the neck. You will experience numbness or prickling sensation in those limbs. Arm and leg weakness can occur if the C3-C4 disc is herniated, because. Treatment of the C5-C6 spinal motion segment begins with nonsurgical methods. Find out how it differs from chronic hives and. It could be due to falls from high heights, bullet wounds, impact from vehicle collisions, injury from sporting activities, and such related events. • C5, C6 → lateral cord → musculocutaneous nerve → biceps brachii. However, this abnormal disc condition is still quite common and is often found in patients with a noticeable loss of lordotic curvature, since this puts the usually safely situated C4/C5 directly in the ideal location to absorb inordinate amounts of spinal shock. This produces a typical pattern of symptoms called a dermatome. He took x-rays as I have a pain in the back of my neck and in my shoulder,as well as pain. Spondylolisthesis Symptom Low back pain. Patients may also note a lack of sensation and difficulty urinating. On one end he was hopeful that Ayurvedic treatment will help him to get rid of the C5-C6, C6-C7 Cervical Disc Herniation With Cervical Myelopathy. My neurologist said it explains some of my symptoms, but not all. Cervicobrachial neuralgia definition, reasons, signs and symptoms. C5-C6, followed by C6-C7, is the most common location for radiculopathy in the neck. A herniated disk is a spine condition where the soft tissue within the spine called the nucleus is pressed out of the vertebrae, where it may compress nerves and cause pain or other signs and symptoms 1 3. AP diameter of the canal is 6 mm at c5-6. The greatest amount of movement occurs at cervical vertebra C5-C6, but the levels C4-C5 and C6-C7 are responsible for nearly as much movement. When a C6-C7 herniated disc occurs and the c6-c7 nerve root is irritated, the symptoms usually include neck pain and pain in the arms, weakness in the hands and weakness in the arms, shoulder pain, chest pains. This article can also be helpful to you : Lower back pain causes – psoas tightness and sitting. Pruritus is a hard-to-scratch itch that can be equally hard to diagnose or treat effectively. The C6 vertebra is the sixth cervical vertebra of the spine. my symptoms are neck stiffness and pain, hand tingling, and muscle spasms. I started P/T and it went away. I have never experienced dizziness from my injuries. The injection acts as a temporary numbing agent and can help reduce inflammation. The frequencies of reported symptoms with C6 and C7 were totaled and then compared with likelihood rations. Foraminal Stenosis Exercises Physical therapy for foraminal stenosis may offer relief for some patients but is extremely unlikely to facilitate a cure. The most common symptom of a spinal tumor is pain in the area of the tumor. findings of myelopathy; Imaging: Radiographs lateral radiograph often shows ossification of PLL ; important to evaluate sagittal alignment of cervical spine; MRI study of choice to evaluate spinal cord compression; CT. As a result, the condition can cause symptoms like weakness, numbness, tingling and so on. It is the only source of motor innervation to the diaphragm and therefore plays a crucial role in breathing. The symptoms may include numbness, weakness, burning sensations, tingling and "pins and needles" in the arms and legs. Another symptom of a failed cervical fusion is a change in the range of motion of the spine, either becoming less mobile or becoming. Forums > Neurology > Pinched Nerve C5-C6. Most bone spurs cause no symptoms and can go undetected for years. Cervical spondylolisthesis is a vertebral misalignment condition located in the neck, most typically at C5, C6 or C7. Additional symptoms can include the following: Loss of sensation or muscle weakness in the legs, arms or chest Stiff neck or back Pain and/or neurologic symptoms (such as tingling) increase with Valsalva maneuver. When a type 2 excludes note appears under a code it is acceptable to use both the code ( M51) and the excluded code together. It may feel like something has popped or slipped in your back or neck. If the disk is pressing on a nerve root, other symptoms can include:. AP diameter of the canal is 6 mm at c5-6. At C6/C7 level, there is degenerative disc bulge indenting the thecal sac and nerve roots bilaterally. Causes of Retrolisthesis. ) Although this condition is often associated with back pain or a neck injury, almost any nerve is susceptible. Common symptom. C6-C7 arthritis/nerve symptoms---typical? I found this board while doing some recent searching during what seems to be some progression of my cervical arthritis. However, this abnormal disc condition is still quite common and is often found in patients with a noticeable loss of lordotic curvature, since this puts the usually safely situated C4/C5 directly in the ideal location to absorb inordinate amounts of spinal shock. the patient is currently being treated for COPD and CAD with a history of a PTCA. Disc osteophytes can cause different symptoms according to their location. In general, the most common pattern of symptoms is pain at the tumor site in the neck or back, followed by neurological problems like weakness / numbness in the arms or legs or a change in normal bowel or bladder habits. Spinal nerves pass through an opening in the spinal column known as the foramen. The severity of the disc disease determines how it is treated. It’s typically misdiagnosed frequently, especially in cases of Carpal Tunnel Syndrome. C6, C7 Extends elbow (triceps), wrist (extensors). Fibrous tissue and bone spurs may also be removed. Find out how it differs from chronic hives and. Dysphagia Treatment For Trouble Swallowing: Focus on the digastric. Cervical spondylosis is a common, typically age-related condition that affects the joints and discs in your neck. Chronic symptoms may require surgery to open the canals. A C5-C6 disk protrusion or herniation can cause weakness in the biceps muscle and pain, numbness and tingling down from the biceps through the lateral side arm and into the thumb and index finger, explains the University of Florida Department of Neurosurgery. Rotator cuff tears with cervical radiculopathy Steven J. Otherwise I can head straight to the neurosurgeon. narrowing of c5 c6 Cervical C5-C6 post surgery numbness in legs I have a prolapsed collar discs bet C4. As time progresses, symptoms that may appear include pain, numbness, weakness, or stiffness in the neck and shoulders region. Filed under: AMICUS, anatomy, muscle, nerve, C5, C6, C7, diaphragm, shoulder, elbow, fingers, levator, latissimus, dorsi, rhomboid, minor, major, serratus, anterior. The narrowing may be due to a number of things from arthritis to genetics. C5, C6 and C7 have reflexes. The C5 C6 spinal motion segment is located in the lower portion of the cervical spine and consists of C5 and C6 vertebrae, and the anatomical structures connecting them. Spinal stenosis in neck symptoms may be present when there is a compression of the nerves or spine cord. Disk bulge at C5-C6 level,along with mild biliteral facet joint arthropathy,resulting in indentation of anterior thecal sac and mild narrowing of biliteral neural canals. These symptoms depend on the location of the spur and its nature. In the absence of any other objective pathology on imaging, no explanations for our patient's contralateral symptoms were found with the exception of the right-sided herniation. As its name suggests, it has both motor and sensory fibres. An X-ray is typically taken to get a clear view of the bones of the cervical spine. Spondylolisthesis Symptom Low back pain. Spondylosis Symptoms; Pain Conditions. If needed, place a small rolled towel behind your low back. This pain often radiates to other areas of the body and may be worse at night. The narrowing may be due to a number of things from arthritis to genetics. Retrolisthesis-Definition, Causes, Symptoms, Treatment Retrolisthesis is a medical condition in which vertebrae in the spine are displaced from their original position. Symptoms of neck bone spurs (cervical osteophytes) Depending on the size and location of bone spurs, symptoms may range from but are not limited to the following. On the other hand, static stenosis occurs regardless of the position of the neck and occurs most commonly between C5-C6 and C6-C7 in older animals. A herniated disk occurs when a portion of the nucleus pushes through a crack in the annulus. Low back pain caused by disc degeneration or spinal root nerve irritation. Ben Owich January 15, 2014 Bulging Disc in Neck Causes, Symptoms & Treatment 2014-01-15T19:03:32+00:00 Conditions 1. Neck disc prolapse commonly occurs in the 30-50 year age group but does not always have a history of accident or trauma. Close Neurology Forum The symptoms include pain at the level of the problem (i. While a cervical herniated disc may originate from some sort of trauma. Degenerative arthritis or osteoarthritis. An intervertebral protrusion of C5-C6 disks, Bulging disc C5-6 — is a disease of the spine, in which the intervertebral disc protrudes between the fifth and sixth vertebrae or discs, and. For example, when the C6 nerve is pinched, there is loss of the pronator reflex in the forearm. Loss Of Cervical Lordosis Symptoms. Once the foraminal opening reaches a point of compressing the nerves inside the spinal column, pain, numbness, tingling, and muscle weakness often occur. Fusion c5,c6,c7 Cervical Spinal Stenosis with pressure on cord at C3 and C4 and C5 spinal stenosis pain Anterior cervical fusion c3-4, c4-5, c5-6 Disc C5-C6-C7, I had successful surgery. 1 Herniation may also. Treatment. The problem develops when a nerve root in your neck is compressed or irritated. posistional 'symptoms' is something i get practically on a daily basis, and i too have what is referred to as DDD(degenerative disc disease) which is more than likely what you have too? along with some levels, stenosis and bulged discs, including whats called thecal sac effacement/heavier touching/impact now"(the cushion of CFS fluid that surrounds and protects our actual sp cords). A herniated disc C5-C6 is the most common location for a cervical herniation to occur, just edging out C6/C7. Learn more from Cleveland Clinic about causes, symptoms, treatment, recovery and more. Symptoms Of Neck And Arm Injuries; Failed Back Surgery Syndrome. Pruritus is a hard-to-scratch itch that can be equally hard to diagnose or treat effectively. Weakness in the shoulder, elbow, and wrist,. Innervates small muscles of hand. When the upper nerve roots are involved, the headache is described as a cervicogenic headache. I looked that up and it might indicate inflammation that can come from the inner disc material that gets extruded with a herniated disc, or from small cracks in the vertebrae that affect the bone. I have osteoarthritis, which has resulted in an osteophyte growth in my cervical spine (C5/6), causing the nerves to be pinched. This is because the symptoms tend to be somewhat similar in certain circumstances. Sit in a comfortable chair that has low back support to maintain a slight arch. Video Transcript. Due to its high load-bearing function, the C5-C6 motion segment is frequently affected by poor posture, degeneration, disc herniation, radicular pain, and trauma. What causes a c5-c6 disc herniation? The most common cause of a herniated disc is an injury or trauma, such as from an auto accident or work comp injury. These tests may include: Nerve conduction study. Weakness in the shoulder, elbow, and wrist,. Dysphagia Treatment For Trouble Swallowing: Focus on the digastric. The muscle itself may be cut. Otherwise I can head straight to the neurosurgeon. Survivors of injuries at this level may be able to drive a modified car with hand controls. Numbness or tingling in the arm. My story isn't too exciting--I've been struggling with sort of a "mutant" degenerating neck since I was a teen and earliera reverse curvature, yadda yadda. You may have any of the following: Neck pain; Arm, shoulder, and upper back pain. Bone spurs are bony projections that develop along bone edges. Others may experience pain, tingling, numbness and muscle weakness. The Disease is characterized by dysfunction of the spine in the area between the fifth and sixth cervical vertebrae. Views where care has been taken to expose for a true lateral view without any rotation offer the best diagnostic. The C6 vertebra is the sixth cervical vertebra of the spine. C5-C6: This disc herniation compresses the C6 nerve root. Symptoms can vary from person to person but common symptoms of c4-c5 herniated discs include arm pain, tingling and numbness or burning that may. Question: I was recently diagnosed with a bulging disc at C5-C6. Ayurvedic treatment is possible butrelief in signs and symptoms of pain is not enough, we have to eliminate root cause of the problem. I lost the curve in my neck and my head now sits slightly to the left of the base of my…. Pruritus is a hard-to-scratch itch that can be equally hard to diagnose or treat effectively. Spinal cord injuries (SCIs) often lead to impairment of the respiratory system and, consequently, restrictive respiratory changes. Additionally, numbness and tingling may radiate along with pain down the thumb side of the hand. Acute injury to the area. It is not uncommon for radicular pain to be intermittent. Significant narrowing of the canal. For some, especially older adults and people with existing health problems, it can. Worse with activity. But that is big time surgery. Cervical spondylosis, commonly called arthritis of the neck, is the medical term for the wear-and-tear changes that occur in the cervical spine (neck) over time. The C6 vertebra plays an important role in supporting and protecting the structures of the head and neck as well as anchoring the muscles that move and support the neck. Worse with activity. 5 Middle-aged and older patients can be affected by a condition called lumbar spinal stenosis, which occurs when the cauda equina roots are entrapped. These can include; pain, numbness and tingling, burning, weakness, loss of sensation, loss of muscle strength, loss of muscle mass (atrophy) and even paralysis. Treatment Options for Myelomalacia. Active Isolated Stretching (AIS) is the specialized treatment for C4 C5 C6 C7 chronic neck pain. It is different in structure and function that the cervical spine, which is the neck or the lumbar spine which is the lower back. Nerves in the spinal cord control your ability to move. Patients with tumors causing neurologic compression may experience loss of sensation, muscle weakness, difficulty walking, numbness in the arms or legs, loss of bowel or bladder function. This is a review of the imaging techniques and typical imaging. The brachial plexus (BRAY-key-el PLEK-sis) is a network of nerves that provides movement and feeling to the shoulder, arm and hand. A large percentage of cervical pain cases involve tightness in the upper body, including the shoulders, chest, and upper back. The C5-C6 spinal motion segment (located in the lower cervical spine just above the C7 vertebra) provides flexibility and support to much of the neck and the head above. Cervical (neck) herniated disk A cervical herniated disc is a spinal condition causing and pain or numbness in the neck, shoulder, and arm. A C6 radiculopathy leading to finger flexion weakness. Power analysis calculated that 27 patients would be needed in each group based on the assumption that a 30 percentage point difference in frequency of specific symptom would be clinically useful for differentiating C6 from C7 radiculopathy. C6 Nerve injury. Most all of our products are a very quick and easy Plug-N-Play installation meaning that there is no soldering, stripping, or splicing necessary - simply remove the old bulb, insert the new, and be amazed by the dramatic improvement. complex at C5-C6 disk level (arrow) that is putting pressure on the C6 nerve root. It is a non-invasive treatment, which makes it a safer approach than medication and surgery. The symptoms of desiccation depend on the area of the spine that is affected. The symptoms that tend to arise with bone spurs in the spine occur when they pinch or put pressure on the spinal cord or nerve roots in the spine. Typically, a dull ache or sharp pain may be felt at the back of the neck. This breakdown naturally happens as you age. These tests may include: Nerve conduction study. The phrenic nerve is a bilateral, mixed nerve that originates from the cervical nerves in the neck and descends through the thorax to innervate the diaphragm. The brachial plexus passes from the neck to the axilla and supplies the upper limb. An intervertebral protrusion of C5-C6 disks, Bulging disc C5-6 — is a disease of the spine, in which the intervertebral disc protrudes between the fifth and sixth vertebrae or discs, and. Symptoms can vary from person to person but common symptoms of c4-c5 herniated discs include arm pain, tingling and numbness or burning that may. The term sciatica has often been associated with disorders of the lumbar spine and pelvis, and we often tend to overlook other parts of the spine in the search for its cause. Leg pain or sciatica is a rare 'false localizing' presentation of cervical cord compression and there has been only a few cases described in literature [1-5]. For example, when the C6 nerve is pinched, there is loss of the pronator reflex in the forearm. Make sure they are moving toward the middle of your neck (centralizing), becoming less intense, or at least remaining the same. For some, especially older adults and people with existing health problems, it can. Occupational therapy intervention should occur as part of a multidisciplinary team review. Ayurveda provides a complete solution for these problems and that too without surgery. The upcoming article provides comprehensive information on the common symptoms and treatment. Postural changes can include: one shoulder higher than the other, a protruding shoulder blade, uneven hips, etc. As the condition progresses, muscular weakness may start to be seen in the arm. Usually, the head pain is located on the same side as. The symptoms and tender spots you've described are mine too. The brachial plexus originates from anterior rami of C5, C6, C7, C8 and T1 and it forms the musculocutaneous, median, ulnar, axillary and radial nerves. Paralysis on One or Both Sides. A C5 radiculopathy leading to brachioradialis and wrist extension weakness. The most common symptoms include, but are not limited to, pain associated with use or inactivity, discomfort in joints due to change in weather, swelling and stiffness, bony lumps in joints, and loss of joint flexibility. 1 Responses. What are the symptoms of spinal cord impingement when there is a herniated disc at c5 c6? I had a herniated disk at C5 C6. Symptoms Disc bulges cause symptoms by pressing against the spinal cord or nerve roots. (A peripheral nerve is one that is outside the brain and spinal cord. This is mostly a reprint from an earlier answer. This young lady has a C6 Cervical Nerve Root Compression. A cervical herniated disc is a common cause of neck pain that may radiate into the shoulders and arms often resulting from spinal nerve compression. In early life this may be largely muscular in nature. Anterolisthesis can cause constant and severe localized pain, or it can. Due to its high load-bearing function, the C5-C6 motion segment is frequently affected by poor posture, degeneration, disc herniation, radicular pain, and trauma. Acute injury to the area. Along with C5/C6, this level is the most commonly implicated in a variety of pain syndromes and some often illogical neurological symptomatic expressions. Vocal Cord Issues. This produces a typical pattern of symptoms called a dermatome. Most all of our products are a very quick and easy Plug-N-Play installation meaning that there is no soldering, stripping, or splicing necessary - simply remove the old bulb, insert the new, and be amazed by the dramatic improvement. Cervical disk protrusions are usually diagnosed using an MRI. Bulging Disc in Neck Causes, Symptoms & Treatment. BONE SPUR IMAGES. The term stenosis , which means narrowing , helps to explain how spinal nerves or the spinal cord in the neck can be compressed ( pinched ). Scully on bulging disc c5 c6 treatment: It means that the disc between your neck (cervical) vertebral bodies 5 and 6 has s bulge in the center of it below the ligament. For more information, including a brief biography, a printable version of this article and a link to previous. While overseas I really did a number on my back, and I am scheduled to be discharged in six weeks. Remaining cervical spinal cord is normal caliber and signal intensity. The frequencies of reported symptoms with C6 and C7 were totaled and then compared with likelihood rations. I have C5/6 and C6/7 fused (one w/hardware and bone graft, one w/bone graft only). It is found in the base of the neck between the C5 and the last cervical vertebra, C7. Ossification of nuchal ligament often observed in patient with chronic neck pain, previous study showed ossification of nuchal ligament was associated with cervical spondylosis and radiculopathy. They can also form on the bones of your spine. Causes and Risk Factors. Any bone spur of displacement or bulge of the disc cause pressure over the cord which results in symptoms like pain / numbness / tingling due to nerve irritation. The nerves supporting the arm exit the spinal column high in the neck; those that support the hand and fingers exit lower in the neck. This breakdown naturally happens as you age. There are a few different treatments for facial nerve damage that does not repair itself. Traumatic brachial plexus injuries (BPIs) can involve any degree of injury at any level of the plexus. Symptoms of a herniated disc vary greatly depending on the location of the herniation and your own response to pain. The spine is the third most common site for metastatic disease, following the lung and the liver. Anterolisthesis is mainly caused by great impact on the spinal cord( anterolisthesis cervical spine or spondylosis) or the vertebra mainly the c4 and c5 ( anterolisthesis c4 c5). Winged scapula (RH side) following C5 C6 Anterior disectomy anterior disc replacement with fusion c5-c6 just got rearended in car, had cervical less than 2 months ago. The connection between symptoms and spine levels are: C4-C5 (C5 nerve root) - Will usually cause no numbness but may instead result in weakness in the upper arm and shoulder pain. He didn't go into detail of what symptoms it's caused. I have had brain and full spine mri. Due to its high load-bearing function, the C5-C6 motion segment is frequently affected by poor posture, degeneration, disc herniation, radicular pain, and trauma. This surgery usually requires a short stay in the hospital and since is fusion of c5, c6 and c7 she will need to wear a brace on her neck during recovery. One frequently overlooked reason for C4 C5 C6 C7 chronic neck pain is tightness in the shoulder and chest region. Branches from the 4th cervical and the 2nd thoracic ventral ramus may contribute. The pain is most likely to be localized around the back, neck, and shoulders depending on the exact nature of the condition. If you have significant nerve compression with your C5-6 disc ostophyte/disc complex, then the answer is yes. Doctors give unbiased, trusted information on the use of C5 for Bulging Disk: Dr. Posterior disc osteophyte complexes efface the ventral aspect of the thecal sac at both levels, but c5-6 slightly more so than c6-7. The most common neurologic complication is cervical spondylotic radiculopathy (CSR). Severe episodes of pain that can last weeks or months. It is a non-invasive treatment, which makes it a safer approach than medication and surgery. During the occurrence of a hernia at this site observed impairment of the right or left of the sixth nerve root, or spinal stenosis. Cervical disk herniation with compression of the C6 nerve root has been reported in association with brachioradial pruritus, with rapid resolution of symptoms after ventral C5-C6 discectomy, C5-C6 vertebral fusion, and C6 nerve root decompression. With this specific nerve being affected, you may eventually have biceps weakness. I have never experienced dizziness from my injuries. The C7 T1 is a cervical disk located at the base of the neck, and a. Cervical (neck) spinal stenosis Cervical spinal stenosis is a spinal condition causing pain, weakness, or numbness in the arms, legs, or neck. Have his symptoms progressed? Or is this just residual from the old injury? He probably needs a posterior laminectomy - deroofing procedure and bony strut graft with wires C4 to C6 to prevent further cord malacia. The pain gets aggravated when you sit or stand for long periods of time. The C5 and C6 vertebrae are common locations for a herniated disk to occur, and symptoms are characterized by weakness in the biceps and wrist extensor muscles. For the most part, all symptoms of annular tear are caused by undue pressure being placed on the nerves or organs in the body. You may have signs and symptoms if the bulging disc presses against your nerves or spinal cord. This can be performed outside through the neck. Dubuisson was a peripheral nerve fellow at LSUMC). If you notice any of these symptoms, see a medical professional right away to get a full diagnosis. Along with C5/C6, this level is the most commonly implicated in a variety of pain syndromes and some often illogical neurological symptomatic expressions. 222 became effective on October 1, 2019. burners and stingers. Not all nerves have a reflex which can be tested. patient underwent cervical laminotomy and disketomy for c5-c6 disc. The elderly are most at risk for the condition, because of reduced bone density, leading to. As humans age, the discs in the back and neck deteriorate. Cervical spinal stenosis is a broad term which refers to a range of symptoms which can result from the narrowing of the spinal canal in the neck. My MRI report said " loss of disc space with endplate ostephytes and bilateral foraminal narrowing at c5-c6. A retrolisthesis is a displacement in the opposite direction to a spondylolisthesis (also called an anterolisthesis) - which is a forward displacement of one vertebral body on the vertebral body below it. The narrowing may be due to a number of things from arthritis to genetics. Finally! Treatment that works. Spinal Facet Joints or Zygapophyseal Joint Hypertrophy. Worse with activity. Brachial Plexus injuries include. Symptoms included burning (7 patients), pruritus (6 patients), or both (2 patients). Radiation. Right after an MRI scan I noted ringing in my ears that I still have since then. Symptoms of osteoarthritis typically develop slowly. This results in a pattern of arm pain (specific to the nerve root involved) along with mild weakness and sensory loss in muscles and skin innervated by that nerve root. Sore Throat. With this specific nerve being affected, you may eventually have biceps weakness. Herniated Disc C6-C7 Facts. The classical sign of Erb’s palsy is the ‘waiter’s tip hand’ (hand turning backwards). C5 pain occurs in the shoulder and radiates down the ventral arm to below the elbow. The nerves in the spine exit the spinal column through holes in the bones of the spine (vertebrae) from the right and left sides. This is because the spinal cord has the ability to accommodate to some degree. As with any surgery, there is always a small risk of serious complications such as infection,. The narrowing usually occurs over time. It may cause back pain and other nerve-related problems. What might relieve pain produced by cervical disc degeneration? Case Study 2-5. For a technical note on the nerves as related to the level involved in a neck herniated disc: A C4-C5 disc herniation will compress the C5 nerve root. The human vertebral column consists of 2 concavities (in the lumbar and cervical regions) and 2 bulges (in the thoracic and sacral parts). Usually seen in middle-aged adults, females greater than males. Spine-health. This is because the C6 nerve supplies sensation to part of the arm and the thumb. The clinical presentation of cervical cord compression, particularly when CSM is the underlying culprit, can have an insidious course with early symptoms being mild neck stiffness and a limited range of neck motion, reduced hand dexterity, minor balance issues, clumsiness, and difficulties with performing easy tasks (handwriting,. Claudication is the term used to describe weakness of the legs that becomes worse specifically on walking. The C6 vertebra is structurally similar to most other cervical vertebrae, except C1 and C2. Biceps brachii. Power analysis calculated that 27 patients would be needed in each group based on the assumption that a 30 percentage point difference in frequency of specific symptom would be clinically useful for differentiating C6 from C7 radiculopathy. This movement produces more stress on these areas of the spine, thus the greatest amount of degeneration of the cervical spine occurs here. Cervical Vertebrae (C1 - C7) The upper cervical region, C1-C2, includes the Atlas (C1) and Axis (C2) which are quite different in appearance and structure to most other vertebrae. A C5-C6 disc herniation will compress the C6 nerve root. Mild diffuse disc bulge with early attendant endplate spurring posteriorly and relatively mild central canal stenosis. The extent of the pain can range from being mild to agonizing. Your Spinal column has 33 vertebrae and the top three-quarters of which are separated by discs. 222 became effective on October 1, 2019. burners and stingers. The symptoms of cervical stenosis can be very mild or unnoticeable even when significant stenosis is present. Post ACDF C6/C7 post op c4,c5,c6,c7 fusion C5/6-C6/7 Fusion with out Neck Brace. The most common symptom of a spinal tumor is pain in the area of the tumor. neck-mri-impression--C5-6 level: Mild degenerative changes, potentially with subtle endplate and discal injury, as noted above vs degenerative changes alone. traumatic injury (this topic) obstetric brachial plexus injury. Nevertheless, if bone spurs become symptomatic, various treatment alternatives are available. Chronic symptoms may require surgery to open the canals. Two months after my arrival, I had an accident that left me temporarily paralyzed, with 4 fractures in the C5, C6 and C7 cervical vertebrae. Possible causes of myelomalacia include cervical myelopathy, hemorrhagic infarction, or acute injury, such as that caused by intervertebral disc extrusion. Patients may be asymptomatic, but nerve root compression can give rise to symptoms such as pain, paresthesia, and neck stiffness. CLINICAL SYMPTOMS: Symptoms can be categorized into three different groups. A physician makes a diagnosis by learning the patient's symptoms and history, conducting a physical exam, and then cross-refencing both with the results of appropriate radiological imaging. Spondylosis in the cervical spine (neck) can cause headache. Spinal stenosis occurs most often in the lower back and the neck. C5-C6, C6-C7 Cervical Disc Herniation With Cervical Myelopathy. There is pain in the affected area and radiating nerve pain in any areas of the body served by the oxygen-deprived neurological tissues. Find out how it differs from chronic hives and. Cervical radiculopathy refers to a loss of function in a specific region within the upper extremity secondary to irritation and / or compression of a spinal nerve root in the neck. The primary difference is that a migraine headache is rooted in the brain, and a cervicogenic headache is rooted in the cervical spine (neck) or base of the skull region. Where most herniations are associated with typical bulges, protrusions and extrusions that can place pressure on nerves resulting in back pain and sciatica, this type of herniation goes through the endplate covering the disc and directly into the bone. Filed under: AMICUS, anatomy, muscle, nerve, C5, C6, C7, diaphragm, shoulder, elbow, fingers, levator, latissimus, dorsi, rhomboid, minor, major, serratus, anterior. If a cervical nerve root remains pinched or inflamed, tingling, numbness, and/or weakness may progress in the arm. Osteoarthritis Symptoms. The severity of the disc disease determines how it is treated. Resolving Chronic Neck Pain. Symptoms such as pain, numbness, or weakness in the arms, hands, legs, or feet can come on gradually or more suddenly, depending on the cause. moderate spinal … read more. Started P/T for that -- stopped P/T on cervical area and now I am lightheaded. Pain that worsens when sitting, bending, lifting and twisting. If you notice any of these symptoms, see a medical professional right away to get a full diagnosis. This is because the spinal cord has the ability to accommodate to some degree. A C5-C6 disk protrusion or herniation can cause weakness in the biceps muscle and pain, numbness and tingling down from the biceps through the lateral side arm and into the thumb and index finger, explains the University of Florida Department of Neurosurgery. What Is MS? "To understand the symptoms of MS, we must understand first its cause and anatomy. The brachial plexus passes from the neck to the axilla and supplies the upper limb. ANSWER: In many cases, pain and other symptoms caused by a herniated disk resolve with time and self-care measures. Cervical spine disc desiccation causes neck pain, while lumbar disc desiccation will cause pain in the lower back. The situation can vary for every. Additionally, numbness and tingling may radiate along with pain down the thumb side of the hand. The C5 and C6 vertebrae are common locations for a herniated disk to occur, and symptoms are characterized by weakness in the biceps and wrist. The central canal is patent at these levels of surgery, as are the lateral recesses and neural foramina. Symptoms of myelopathy include numbness, tingling, and weakness. Posted in: Degenerative disc disease, Neck pain, Pain management, and Spondylosis. As the condition worsens, more severe nerve compression may result in muscle weakness and a loss of coordination. This can be performed outside through the neck. Symptoms may include neck pain, stiffness, and decreased ability to move the neck. The symptoms of a herniated or prolapsed disc may not include back or neck pain in some individuals, although such pain is common. It is different in structure and function that the cervical spine, which is the neck or the lumbar spine which is the lower back. Degenerative arthritis or osteoarthritis. Inter-vertebral disks show early degenerative changes. Difficulty with prolonged sitting or standing. First, people will notice an increase in pain and stiffness in the neck. It is the result of a failed spinal fusion. The C6 vertebra is structurally similar to most other cervical vertebrae, except C1 and C2. The spinal canal is a long tunnel that runs down the centre of the spine. Clinical features of radiculopathy include sensory features (paraesthesia and numbness) and motor features (weakness). The diagnosis is made with imaging studies, while. 10 Important. Survivors of injuries at this level may be able to drive a modified car with hand controls. Bone Spurs in Neck Treatment. The severity of the disc disease determines how it is treated. Surprisingly, the atlas is the least involved of all cervical vertebrae. Symptoms of cervical radiculopathy include pain, tingling, or numbness in the neck, shoulder, arm, or hand. Additionally, numbness and tingling may radiate along with pain down the thumb side of the hand. The spinal column can show signs of wear, particularly in the elderly. There is no tingling or numbness. This canal sits directly behind the bony blocks, or veterbrae which form the. The nerves in the spine exit the spinal column through holes in the bones of the spine (vertebrae) from the right and left sides. Might you have been recovering from a subclinical bout of Ibuprofen nephropathy? It's very common and causes partial renal shutdown. The lumbosacral spine is where the lower back meets the sacrum. The term myelopathy is used to describe any neurological deficit related to the spinal cord itself. 2) Weight gain – If you have been on a low calorie diet, exercise daily and have eliminated all possible food allergies yet you are still not losing weight, chances are high that your thyroid function needs help. Myelomalacia most often occurs as a result of injury. Pain symptoms Radicular (root) pain is often described as lightning, stabbing, shooting or. C6-C7 arthritis/nerve symptoms---typical? I found this board while doing some recent searching during what seems to be some progression of my cervical arthritis. Cervical Bone Spur Symptoms. This nerve complex is composed of four cervical nerve roots (C5-C8) and the. The musculocutaneous nerve has a segmental origin - C5-C6. Diagnosis certain Diagnosis certain. Cervical spinal stenosis is a broad term which refers to a range of symptoms which can result from the narrowing of the spinal canal in the neck. This Classic article is a reprint of the original work by Ruth Jackson, MD, FACS, The Cervical Syndrome. It is not uncommon for radicular pain to be intermittent. Thoracic outlet syndrome or TOS isn’t actually all that common. Others may experience pain, tingling, numbness and muscle weakness. Cervical radiculopathy refers to a loss of function in a specific region within the upper extremity secondary to irritation and / or compression of a spinal nerve root in the neck. Causes of Bilateral Foraminal Stenosis. As the condition worsens, more severe nerve compression may result in muscle weakness and a loss of coordination. Though the patient’s specific symptoms can widely vary, following are the common types and symptoms of cervical radiculopathy: Symptoms of C5 Radiculopathy – This causes weakness and/or pain in the upper arms and shoulders, specifically may cause discomfort around the shoulder blades which rarely causes tingling or numbness. Where most herniations are associated with typical bulges, protrusions and extrusions that can place pressure on nerves resulting in back pain and sciatica, this type of herniation goes through the endplate covering the disc and directly into the bone. Advanced degenerative disc disease at c5-6 and c 6-7 2. Located nearer to the base of thecervical spine, it gets more pressure from the muscles. The major symptoms that point towards cervical spondylosis include pain and stiffness in the neck. Inter-vertebral disks show early degenerative changes. Power analysis calculated that 27 patients would be needed in each group based on the assumption that a 30 percentage point difference in frequency of specific symptom would be clinically useful for differentiating C6 from C7 radiculopathy. They can also form on the bones of your spine. My story isn't too exciting--I've been struggling with sort of a "mutant" degenerating neck since I was a teen and earliera reverse curvature, yadda yadda. You may have signs and symptoms if the bulging disc presses against your nerves or spinal cord. In early life this may be largely muscular in nature. These can include; pain, numbness and tingling, burning, weakness, loss of sensation, loss of muscle strength, loss of muscle mass (atrophy) and even paralysis. Vocal Cord Issues. Commonly, pain can also radiate into the shoulder blade region (scapula). Diagnosis and Treatment of Annular Tear Diagnosis typically consists of a physical examination and review of medical history. An accompanying biographical sketch on Ruth Jackson, MD, FACS, is available at DOI 10. Symptoms thus can vary and include pain, noise, limited motion, soreness, joint instability and problems with bite. Methods: We studied 106 patients with cervical compressive myelopathy. A C6-C7 disc herniation will compress the C7 nerve root. Spinal tumors may cause a variety of symptoms depending on their type, location, and rate of growth. Ron Daulton, Jr. When a C6-C7 herniated disc occurs and the c6-c7 nerve root is irritated, the symptoms usually include neck pain and pain in the arms, weakness in the hands and weakness in the arms, shoulder pain, chest pains. C3 and C4 symptoms tend to be vague neck pain and trapezious pain. The University of Wisconsin reports that someone who has stenosis at the C6 and C7 levels may feel this pain in the shoulders, outer part of the upper and lower arm, and even into the hand--portions of the thumb, index and middle fingers, in particular. C5 pain occurs in the shoulder and radiates down the ventral arm to below the elbow. WebMD Symptom Checker helps you find the most common medical conditions indicated by the symptoms muscle twitching (painless), numbness or tingling and pain or discomfort including Peripheral neuropathy, Migraine headache (adult), and Cervical (neck) spinal stenosis. Common symptoms are: erratic shifting, slipping or losing trans fluid without a source of a leak. Cervical spondylosis, commonly called arthritis of the neck, is the medical term for the wear-and-tear changes that occur in the cervical spine (neck) over time. , Wisconsin residents or people who work in Wisconsin who are experiencing symptoms consistent with COVID-19, can come to a. Cervical Spine Injuries: Treat the Damaged Ligaments Marc Heller, DC, practices in Ashland, Ore. Doctors give unbiased, trusted information on the use of C5 for Bulging Disk: Dr. Retrolistheses are most easily diagnosed on lateral x-ray views of the spine. Common symptom. Ben Owich January 15, 2014 Bulging Disc in Neck Causes, Symptoms & Treatment 2014-01-15T19:03:32+00:00 Conditions 1. INTRODUCTION. A GP should check more serious cases affecting the spine. If it presses on your spinal cord, you can have more serious symptoms, including: Stumbling or awkward walking. Symptoms & Conditions share + Facebook Twitter Pinterest. The specific place where you feel these symptoms depends on the nerve that is being affected. Therefore, the most common symptom of compressed nerve in your neck is pain that radiates from your neck and moves to your arms or hands. They did more xrays and said I have arthritis. Anatomy of the C6-C7 Spinal Motion Segment. Avoid prolonged walking which might exacerbate your symptoms. C6 nerve root (C5 - C6 disc) Typically the symptoms of a C6 nerve compression include weakness in the biceps and wrist extensor muscles. Cervical spondylosis is caused by aging and chronic wear on the cervical spine. Laryngitis. Physical therapy, massage, heat, ice, or epidural steroid injections with very small amounts of local anesthetic or steroids can also treat the symptoms of a herniated disc. Another symptom of a failed cervical fusion is a change in the range of motion of the spine, either becoming less mobile or becoming. Neck tight or stiff. This nerve complex is composed of four cervical nerve roots (C5-C8) and the. A C5-C6 herniated disc can be a very frustrating and debilitating health condition for an individual to live with. Some people with spinal stenosis may not have symptoms. For some, especially older adults and people with existing health problems, it can. Sign in to receive recommendations. Typically, cervical radiculopathy affects the inferior nerve root at C5, C6 and C7 levels. Neck and arm pain. Sciatica nerve pain – affecting the deep six muscles, the hip rotators. The condition usually begins gradually and progresses over time as the narrowing increases. Congenital C5-C6 vertebral fusion. Pain that worsens when sitting, bending, lifting and twisting. The brachial plexus originates from anterior rami of C5, C6, C7, C8 and T1 and it forms the musculocutaneous, median, ulnar, axillary and radial nerves. Program in Audiology and. Failure of Cervical Artificial Discs Overview. Pain can be present continually or only when moving the jaw. Key components of the C6 vertebra include a vertebral body, a vertebral arch, 2 transverse processes, a spinous process, and a pair of facet joints. The types of disability associated with SCI vary greatly depending on the severity of the injury, the segment of the spinal cord at which the injury occurs, and which nerve fibers are damaged. A herniated disk is a spine condition where the soft tissue within the spine called the nucleus is pressed out of the vertebrae, where it may compress nerves and cause pain or other signs and symptoms 1 3. Myelomalacia most often occurs as a result of injury. Surprisingly, the atlas is the least involved of all cervical vertebrae.